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新兴军事技术:背景与呈国会问题RESULT

Emerging Military Technologies: Background and Issues for Congress

发布机构 美国会研究服务处

发布时间 2020-01-01

项目人员 Kelley M. Sayler

主题 新兴军事技术;人工智能;致命性自主武器系统;高超声速武器;定向能武器;生物技术;量子技术;中国;俄罗斯

年份 2020

 

摘要:

This report provides an overview of selected emerging military technologies in the United States, China, and Russia: artificial intelligence, lethal autonomous weapons, hypersonic weapons, directed energy weapons, biotechnology, and quantum technology. It also discusses relevant initiatives within international institutions to monitor or regulate these technologies, considers the potential implications of emerging military technologies for warfighting, and outlines associated issues for Congress. These issues include the level and stability of funding for emerging technologies, the management structure for emerging technologies, the challenges associated with recruiting and retaining technology workers, the acquisitions process for rapidly evolving and dual-use technologies, the protection of emerging technologies from theft and expropriation, and the governance and regulation of emerging technologies. Such issues could hold implications for congressional authorization, appropriation, oversight, and treaty-making.

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