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全选 清除 题录导出 147 条 记 录,以下是141-150
2020年全球创新指数
Global Innovation Index 2020
2020年,全球创新指数(GII)推出第十三版,专门讨论“谁为创新出资”这一主题。本版通过调查企业家和其他创新者的融资机制的演变,并通过指出进展和仍然存在的挑战(包括在2019冠状...显示全部 2020年,全球创新指数(GII)推出第十三版,专门讨论“谁为创新出资”这一主题。本版通过调查企业家和其他创新者的融资机制的演变,并通过指出进展和仍然存在的挑战(包括在2019冠状病毒病(COVID-19)危机引起的经济放缓的背景下),揭示了创新融资的状况。创新被广泛认为是经济增长和发展的核心动力。GII的目的是围绕创新提供有见地的数据,进而帮助各经济体评估其创新表现,并做出明智的创新政策考虑。显示部分
主题词: 创新指数 创新趋势 经济体 科技热点 创新融资
发布日期: 2020发布机构: 世界知识产权组织点击次数:29
2020研究前沿
"科学研究的世界呈现出蔓延生长、不断演化的景象。科研管理者和政策制定者需要掌握科研的进展和动态,以有限的资源来支持和推进科学进步。对于他们而言,洞察科研动向、尤其是跟踪新兴专业领域...显示全部 "科学研究的世界呈现出蔓延生长、不断演化的景象。科研管理者和政策制定者需要掌握科研的进展和动态,以有限的资源来支持和推进科学进步。对于他们而言,洞察科研动向、尤其是跟踪新兴专业领域对其工作具有重大的意义。 为此, 科睿唯安发布了“研究前沿”(ResearchFronts)数据和报告。定义一个被称作研究前沿的专业领域的方法,源自于科学研究之间存在的某种特定的共性。这种共性可能来自于实验数据,也可能来自于研究方法,或者概念和假设,并反映在研究人员在论文中引用其他同行的工作这个学术行为之中。"显示部分
主题词: 热点前沿 新兴前沿 农业科学 生态与环境科学 地球科学 生物科学 化学与材料科学 信息科学
发布日期: 2020发布机构: [20038]中国科学院科技战略咨询研究中心点击次数:27
125个科学问题:探索与发现
125 questions: Exploration and discovery
"It is fundamental to the human condition to ask questions, to be inquisitive. It is essen...显示全部 "It is fundamental to the human condition to ask questions, to be inquisitive. It is essential to how we have evolved and thrived as a species. The act of asking questions is often less a search for answers and more an attempt to find meaning in our world and connection with the plants, animals, insects, and even microbes with which we share our planet. Asking questions sparks curiosity, leading to more questions and deeper investigation. That is the aim of this project, together with Shanghai Jiao Tong University, which is celebrating its 125th anniversary—to stimulate the reader’s minds, ignite their curiosity, and encourage them to challenge what we think we know about our world. The booklet available here is an advance copy “teaser” to introduce our readers to 125 questions, big and small, culled from many hundreds received from editors at Science, preeminent researchers in many fields, our partners at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, and many young, inquisitive minds (received through an online survey). In May, we will be providing “answers” to these questions. Although, as you might expect, these answers often simply raise more questions!"显示部分
主题词: 重大科学问题 创新能力 基础科学 国际合作
发布日期: 2021发布机构: 《科学》杂志、上海交通大学点击次数:18
确保美国先进技术领先地位的下一步行动
Next Steps for Ensuring America’s Advanced Technology Preeminence
As technology and industry strategy experts, the undersigned authors commend Congress and ...显示全部 As technology and industry strategy experts, the undersigned authors commend Congress and the Biden administration for focusing on U.S. advanced technology competitiveness. Toward that end, they offer a number of recommendations for further action显示部分
主题词: 突破性技术 技术创新 美国竞争力 政策建议
发布日期: 2021发布机构: 美国信息技术和创新基金会(ITIF)点击次数:17
人工智能白皮书—通往卓越和信任的欧洲路径
White Paper on Artificial Intelligence- A European approach to excellence and trust
Artificial Intelligence is developing fast. It will change our lives by improving healthca...显示全部 Artificial Intelligence is developing fast. It will change our lives by improving healthcare (e.g. making diagnosis more precise, enabling better prevention of diseases), increasing the efficiency of farming, contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation, improving the efficiency of production systems through predictive maintenance, increasing the security of Europeans, and in many other ways that we can only begin to imagine. At the same time, Artificial Intelligence (AI) entails a number of potential risks, such as opaque decision-making, gender-based or other kinds of discrimination, intrusion in our private lives or being used for criminal purposes. Against a background of fierce global competition, a solid European approach is needed, building on the European strategy for AI presented in April 2018. To address the opportunities and challenges of AI, the EU must act as one and define its own way, based on European values, to promote the development and deployment of AI. The Commission is committed to enabling scientific breakthrough, to preserving the EU s technological leadership and to ensuring that new technologies are at the service of all Europeans improving their lives while respecting their rights. Commission President Ursula von der Leyen announced in her political Guidelines a coordinated European approach on the human and ethical implications of AI as well as a reflection on the better use of big data for innovation. Thus, the Commission supports a regulatory and investment oriented approach with the twin objective of promoting the uptake of AI and of addressing the risks associated with certain uses of this new technology. The purpose of this White Paper is to set out policy options on how to achieve these objectives. It does not address +the development and use of AI for military purposes.The Commission invites Member States, other European institutions, and all stakeholders, including industry, social partners, civil society organisations, researchers, the public in general and any interested party, to react to the options below and to contribute to the Commission s future decision-making in this domain.显示部分
主题词: 人工智能 数字经济 重要路径 数字转型 技术优势
发布日期: 2020发布机构: 欧盟点击次数:26
全球趋势2040——竞争更激烈的世界
Global Trends 2040, A More Connected World
Global Trends is designed to provide an analytic framework for policymakers early in each ...显示全部 Global Trends is designed to provide an analytic framework for policymakers early in each administration as they craft national security strategy and navigate an uncertain future. The goal is not to offer a specifc prediction of the world in 2040; instead, our intent is to help policymakers and citizens see what may lie beyond the horizon and prepare for an array of possible futures. Each edition of Global Trends is a unique undertaking, as its authors on the National Intelligence Council develop a methodology and formulate the analysis. This process involved numerous steps: examining and evaluating previous editions of Global Trends for lessons learned; research and discovery involving widespread consultations, data collection, and commissioned research; synthesizing, outlining, and drafting; and soliciting internal and external feedback to revise and sharpen the analysis.显示部分
主题词: 全球趋势 预见性情报 战略评估 创新发展 技术评估
发布日期: 2021发布机构: 美国国家情报委员会(NIC)点击次数:10
美国5G时代:在保障国家和人民的同时获得竞争优势
America's 5G Era: Gaining Competitive Advantages While Securing the Country and Its People
The latest generation of wireless networks, called 5G (for "fifth generation"), has launch...显示全部 The latest generation of wireless networks, called 5G (for "fifth generation"), has launched with great expectations and amid significant concerns. A theme running through discussions of the 5G era is that this is a race, that first movers will dominate all others, and that this dominance will provide enduring economic and technical benefits to those first movers' home countries and populations. Influential leaders from government and industry have argued that leadership in wireless communication is a crucial determinant of the country's economic success in the mobile technology era. The White House has made the case that leadership in wireless technology helps nations "win" in the information age.This Perspective serves as a policy primer for the 5G era and summarizes our observations from the RAND-Initiated Research project titled "America's 5G Era: Securing Its Advantages and Ourselves." As the authors assessed the 5G wireless ecosystem, they began to see the development of its markets and technologies as an enduring competition rather than a "race." A key observation is that past technical or market leadership does not guarantee a lasting advantage. The authors also highlight important implications of 5G-era devices, networks, and services for securing data and protecting individual privacy.显示部分
主题词: 5G 全球竞争 新兴技术 竞争优势 中国
发布日期: 2021发布机构: [20001]兰德公司点击次数:8
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