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全选 清除 题录导出 147 条 记 录,以下是41-50
2030年的人工智能与人类生活
Artificial Intelligence and Life In 2030
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a science and a set of computational technologies that are...显示全部 Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a science and a set of computational technologies that are inspired by—but typically operate quite differently from—the ways people use their nervous systems and bodies to sense, learn, reason, and take action. While the rate of progress in AI has been patchy and unpredictable, there have been significant advances since the field's inception sixty years ago. Once a mostly academic area of study, twenty-first century AI enables a constellation of mainstream technologies that are having a substantial impact on everyday lives. Computer vision and AI planning, for example, drive the video games that are now a bigger entertainment industry than Hollywood. Deep learning, a form of machine learning based on layered representations of variables referred to as neural networks, has made speech-understanding practical on our phones and in our kitchens, and its algorithms can be applied widely to an array of applications that rely on pattern recognition. Natural Language Processing (NLP) and knowledge representation and reasoning have enabled a machine to beat the Jeopardy champion and are bringing new power to Web searches.显示部分
主题词: 人工智能百年研究项目 评估 道德伦理 经济 人类认知兼容 系统设计 机器学习 深度学习 强化学习 机器人 计算机视觉 自然语言处理 协同系统 众包和人类计算 算法博弈理论与 (基于) 计算机 (统计技术的) 社会选择 物联网(IoT) 神经形态计算
发布日期: 2016发布机构: [20005]斯坦福大学点击次数:59
未来国防技术前景、见解、分析和启示
Future Technology Landscapes: Insights, analysis and implications for defence
The context for defence innovation has changed significantly recently for two reasons. Fir...显示全部 The context for defence innovation has changed significantly recently for two reasons. First, the past five years saw significant declines in both research and development (R&D) and research and technology (R&T) budgets, while sustained austerity is expected to continue to shape available defence spending. The declining investment in defence innovation and technology development presents a particular threat to the long-term sustainability of the defence research base. These changes have reinforced a wider trend in recent decades: the shift of the innovation centre of gravity from defence to the civilian sector. Leveraging civil investment and ensuring that defence investment is targeted in areas where it can most add value is critical. In January 2013 RAND Europe was commissioned by the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) to conduct a study on the future landscape of defence technology development. The primary focus of the study was to help the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) assess and harness wider investment in relevant UK technology areas. The specific objectives of the study were to: (1) Identify where MOD and non-MOD investments in R&T are likely to shape future UK technology capability of relevance to defence, (2)Explore enablers and barriers for the MOD in maximising the impact of its increasingly limited R&T budget.显示部分
主题词: 研究目标和方法 新兴防御 增材制造 合成环境
发布日期: 2013发布机构: [20001]兰德公司点击次数:48
未来技术前景——辩护的见解,分析和意义:案例研究文档
Future Technology Landscapes: Insights, analysis and implications for defence, Case Study Documentation
The context for defence innovation has changed significantly recently for two reasons. Fir...显示全部 The context for defence innovation has changed significantly recently for two reasons. First, the past five years saw significant declines in both research and development (R&D) and research and technology (R&T) budgets, while sustained austerity is expected to continue to shape available defence spending. The declining investment in defence innovation and technology development presents a particular threat to the long-term sustainability of the defence research base. These changes have reinforced a wider trend in recent decades: the shift of the innovation centre of gravity from defence to the civilian sector. Leveraging civil investment — and ensuring that defence investment is targeted in areas where it can most add value — is critical. In January 2013 RAND Europe was commissioned by the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) to conduct a study on the future landscape of defence technology development. The primary focus of the study was to help the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) assess and harness wider investment in relevant UK technology areas. The specific objectives of the study were to: Identify where MOD and non-MOD investments in R&T are likely to shape future UK technology capability of relevance to defence Explore enablers and barriers for the MOD in maximising the impact of its increasingly limited R&T budget.显示部分
主题词: 网络犯罪 网络安全 新兴技术 能源资源 军事购置和采购 军事技术
发布日期: 2020发布机构: [20001]兰德公司点击次数:193
2040年增材制造
Additive Manufacturing in 2040
Additive manufacturing (AM) — colloquially known as three-dimensional, or 3D, printing — i...显示全部 Additive manufacturing (AM) — colloquially known as three-dimensional, or 3D, printing — is an emerging technology with potential local and international security implications in the near and long terms. This Perspective — part of a series examining critical security challenges in 2040 — offers a new framework for exploring the disruptive dimensions of AM technology, helping to inform which sectors and industries might be the most affected in the future. To better understand the security implications, a RAND research team briefly reviewed the existing literature, conducted interviews with stakeholders and subject-matter experts, and convened a workshop with technology and security experts. Two overarching security threats emerged: the proliferation of weapons and economic insecurity. This Perspective explores each of these security threats and offers a series of mitigation strategies and policy recommendations to help manage and regulate the negative impacts of this technology.显示部分
主题词: 经济学 新兴技术 就业和失业 全球安全 科学 技术和创新政策 恐怖主义组织
发布日期: 2018发布机构: [20001]兰德公司点击次数:79
人工智能,下一个数字前沿?
Artificial Intelligence: the Next Digital Frontier?
In this independent discussion paper, we examine investment in artificial intelligence (AI...显示全部 In this independent discussion paper, we examine investment in artificial intelligence (AI), describe how it is being deployed by companies that have started to use these technologies across sectors, and aim to explore its potential to become a major business disrupter. To do this, we looked at AI through several lenses. We analyzed the total investment landscape bringing together both investment of large corporations and funding from venture capital and private equity funds. We also reviewed the portfolio plays of major internet companies, the dynamics in AI ecosystems from Shenzhen to New York, and a wide range of case studies. As part of our primary research, we surveyed more than 3,000 senior executives on the use of AI technologies, their companies’ prospects for further deployment, and AI’s impact on markets, governments, and individuals. This report also leverages the resources of McKinsey Analytics, a global practice that helps clients achieve better performance through data. The research was conducted jointly with Digital McKinsey, a global practice that designs and implements digital transformations.显示部分
主题词: 人工智能 机器人 无人驾驶汽车 计算机视觉 语言识别 虚拟代理 机器学习
发布日期: 2017发布机构: [20002]麦肯锡点击次数:63
工业制造的下一个视野:在制造和交付中采用颠覆性数字技术
The next horizon for industrial manufacturing: Adopting disruptive digital technologies in making and delivering
In the past few years, advanced industrial companies have made solid progress in improving...显示全部 In the past few years, advanced industrial companies have made solid progress in improving productivity along the manufacturing value chain. In the US, for instance, the productivity of industrial workers has increased by 47 percent over the past 20 years. But the traditional levers that have driven these gains, such as lean operations, Six Sigma, and total quality management, are starting to run out of steam, and the incremental benefits they deliver are declining.显示部分
主题词: 工业公司 制造价值链 美国 生产率 全面质量管理 增量收益
发布日期: 2018发布机构: [20002]麦肯锡点击次数:101
太阳能的颠覆性潜力
The disruptive potential of solar power
The economics of solar power are improving. It is a far more cost-competitive power source...显示全部 The economics of solar power are improving. It is a far more cost-competitive power source today than it was in the mid-2000s, when installations and manufacturing were taking off, subsidies were generous, and investors were piling in. Consumption continued rising even as the MAC Global Solar Energy Index fell by 50 percent between 2011 and the end of 2013, a period when dozens of solar companies went bankrupt, shut down, or changed hands at fire-sale prices. The bottom line: the financial crisis, cheap natural gas, subsidy cuts by cash-strapped governments, and a flood of imports from Chinese solar-panel manufacturers have profoundly challenged the industry’s short-term performance. But they haven’t undermined its potential; indeed, global installations have continued to rise—by over 50 percent a year, on average, since 2006. The industry is poised to assume a bigger role in global energy markets; as it evolves, its impact on businesses and consumers will be significant and widespread. Utilities will probably be the first, but far from the only, major sector to feel solar’s disruptive potential.显示部分
主题词: 太阳能 能源 安装 制造 投资 消费额 破产 金融危机 天然气 政府补贴 中国
发布日期: 2014发布机构: [20002]麦肯锡点击次数:60
汽车革命——展望2030
Automotive revolution- perspective towards 2030: How the convergence of disruptive technology-driven trends could transform the auto industry
This report examines disruptive trends transforming the global automobile industry. It con...显示全部 This report examines disruptive trends transforming the global automobile industry. It concludes that disruptive technologies, together with emerging markets and changing consumer preferences around ownership, will revolutionize how industry players respond to changing consumer behavior, develop partnerships and drive digital business transformation. Digitization, increasing automation, and new business models have already revolutionized many other industries; automotive will be no exception. The four main disruptive technology-driven trends affecting the sector are: diverse mobility; autonomous driving; electrification; and connectivity. Automotive incumbents cannot predict the future of the industry with certainty. They can, however, make strategic moves now to shape the industry's evolution.显示部分
主题词: 结果 行业 技术 管理 就业机会
发布日期: 2016发布机构: [20002]麦肯锡点击次数:71
12项颠覆性技术引领全球经济变革
Disruptive technologies: Advances that will transform life, business, and the global economy
Twelve emerging technologies—including the mobile Internet, autonomous vehicles, and advan...显示全部 Twelve emerging technologies—including the mobile Internet, autonomous vehicles, and advanced genomics—have the potential to truly reshape the world in which we live and work. Leaders in both government and business must not only know what’s on the horizon but also start preparing for its impact.显示部分
主题词: 移动互联网 知识工作自动化 物联网 云技术 先进机器人 自动驾驶汽车 基因组学 3D打印 先进材料 油气勘探开采 可再生能源
发布日期: 2013发布机构: [20002]麦肯锡点击次数:66
人工智能:对中国的启示
Artificial Intelligence: Implications for China
Artificial intelligence, or the idea that computer systems can perform functions typically...显示全部 Artificial intelligence, or the idea that computer systems can perform functions typically associated with the human mind, has gone from futuristic speculation to present-day reality. A new discussion paper from the McKinsey Global Institute, originally presented at the 2017 China Development Forum, explores AI’s potential to fuel China’s productivity growth—and to disrupt the nation’s workforce.显示部分
主题词: 中国 人工智能 生产力 增长 自动化
发布日期: 2017发布机构: [20002]麦肯锡点击次数:87